Population Control Bill 2021: Why Is It Needed In India?

Population control is the process of improperly altering the growth rate of people by controlling the birth rate, which is often authorized by the government.

The need for human governance is determined by factors such as high levels of poverty, environmental concerns, religious causes, and overcrowding. In many cases, human control is achieved through contraception or fertility, especially in poor or densely populated areas.

  • Why is population control important?

The achievement of social, economic, and environmental development depends on demographic change. Changes in population growth, age formation, and distribution determine whether or not 2030 international goals that can be maintained can be achieved.

Population dynamics can present challenges and opportunities for development efforts, because while one country may find it difficult to access services due to rapid population growth, another may benefit from a population distribution from lower birth and death rates.

Many countries, especially the least developed ones, are concerned about rapid population growth, while developed countries are concerned about slower population growth, such as aging and declining population.

As a result, there has been a marked difference in policies that are used to affect growth rates based on the level of development.

About 45 percent of governments in the most developed regions had plans made in 2015 to increase population growth, while only 2% had plans to reduce them. In less developed regions, on the other hand, 50% of governments had programs to reduce population growth and 10% had policies to accelerate it.

  • When population control policy began in India?

India still seeks a credible policy of limiting population growth 53 years after independence. Although this country is the first country to use the family planning program in 1952, India continues to grow at an average rate of 15.5 million people a year, and if current trends continue, India will outperform China by 2045, with a population of 1.5 billion.

If human policy is implemented, the success of the policy will be determined by careful balancing the responsibilities of men and women. It is well known that in India, women have no control over their reproductive decisions. Apart from the fact that most contraceptive methods are for women, many women have little to do with controlling the size of their family or choosing a contraceptive method. The proposed strategy will focus on men’s information and education efforts to encourage younger families and make people aware of the benefits of child segregation, improved health and nutrition, and improved education.

  • What are some of the objections to population control?
  • When China’s birth rate was slightly under three children per woman in 1979, the country’s one-child policy was implemented. China’s economy, on the other hand, has been thriving for over a year, and its economic development may not be directly tied to the dropping population rate.
  • The decline is in line with trends in neighboring countries that have seen significant economic growth and have not set family size limits.
  • Despite the fact that the economic transformation in India began in the early 1990s, the growth of the local population is much slower than in China.
  • The United States opposes the population of “stabilizing” or “controlling,” believing that the “right” size of the family should be determined by the choice of the couple, not by the state. The United States is a strong opponent of oppressive human rights regimes.
  • Why Assam, Uttar Pradesh have proposed strict population control measures?

Uttar Pradesh and Assam have proposed a law that would force couples to limit the number of children they raise by two. These provinces aim to prevent those with more than two children from running in local branch elections, applying for public service and receiving various grants.

Uttar Pradesh is the most populous country in India with an estimated population of 240 million while the population of Assam is estimated at 34 million by 2021. The Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) has asked for a similar law in Karnataka, a state of 68 million people.

  • UP’s proposed Population Control Bill 2021
  • On July 19, the Uttar Pradesh Law Commission released a draught of the Uttar Pradesh Population (Control, Stabilization, and Welfare) Bill, 2021, just days before the state’s chief minister announced a new population policy. The proposed law’s overall goal is to promote the two-child rule for the benefit of the state’s citizens.
  • With a two-child law, the draft Bill seeks to limit the full range of government benefits, including government positions, development programs, and even access to subsidies or subsidized food. In the way they intend to enforce the law, government experts have made two major mistakes. 
  • The proposed bill also contains a political error, which incumbents may wish to avoid before next year’s elections. The two-child law will be implemented in the future. It must be born one year after legal notice to be considered a “third child.”
  • All couples who have had three or more children and who have reached the end of their reproductive life will be released from the law. The law discriminates against young people. While everyone over the age of 65 is automatically discharged, young couples are at risk.
  • The framework proposes to use contraceptive operations, tubectomy or vasectomy. If the law was successful in achieving its goal, millions of couples would have contraceptives, not in many aseptic cases. Since the birth certificate will be the only way to ensure the benefits of government benefits, the couple will have their two children in quick succession followed by the birth control function. If, instead, they prefer the separation of spaces and their children are born longer, the growth rate of the population will be slower. UP can eliminate coping with low birth rates and high birth rates and high population over time.
  • UP is a new province – a third of its population belongs to the youth. The law proposes that they can exclude them from government services, schemes and subsidies. The data clearly shows that it is the poor people who vote enthusiastically in the hope that they will find a government that will support their needs. The proposed legislation is not only unnecessary and dangerous but can also lead to political and social catastrophe.
  • Other measures for population control

Apart from imposing any laws or regulations on public administration, the government can and will take various measures to limit the population. These are the following steps:

  • Raising the status of women is an important social policy for human capital because it eliminates gender discrimination and the common desire of men to have a boy. It will also give women the opportunity to choose whether they want to have a baby or not. The selection of women will be respected.
  • Another important aspect of population control is educating the general public, especially those living in rural areas, about the negative effects of overpopulation and the benefits of using contraceptives.
  • Adoption should be made more widespread because there are many children without a family to take care of them. They should stay in orphanages or in organizations dedicated to helping these children survive and survive. These children can have a good home and childhood while helping and strengthening people.
  • It is necessary to raise the standard of living of the people. They need to understand the importance of family planning and the benefits of having a dignified family where everyone lives in peace and harmony.
  • The government should provide financial assistance and incentives to families using birth control.
  • Conclusion

In recent years, we have seen the effects of overpopulation, such as the economic downturn, environmental degradation, rising coal and fuel prices, global warming, and unemployment in some lands, such as India. Even government policies that address these issues will only be able to address these issues temporarily.

Over time, we must control population growth and balance birth and death rates, so that people’s needs meet the country’s available resources. The world needs strong human rights legislation to limit population growth and protect individual rights through this process.

By-

Mansi Singh

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